One sixth of the country in poverty
According to the research of Turkish Statistical Institute, the rate of people living at the risk of poverty in Turkey in 2012 is 16.1 percent of the population as a whole. The income gap between the 20 percent having the highest income and the 20 percent having the lowest income has reached 8 fold.
According to the Research of Income and Living Conditions held by Turkish Statistical Institute related to the year 2010, 16.1 percent of the population is at the risk of poverty. According to the poverty limits calculated for urban and rural areas, this rate is 13.9 percent in urban areas whereas it is 15.7 in rural areas.
Turkish Statistical Institute has announced the results of the research of Income and Living Conditions for the year 2011. Accordingly, in the groups of 20 percent formed according to equivalent household disposable income, the ones having the highest income in the last group receive a share of 46.7 percent from the income as a whole, whereas the ones having the lowest income in the first group receive a share of 5.8 percent from the income as a whole. According to this, the share the last group of 20 percent has received is 8 times the share the first group of 20 percent have (P80/P20 indicator). P80/P20 indicator was 7.4 for urban and rural areas.
GINI COEFFICIENT 0.404
The gini coefficient, which is one of the income inequality criterion, has been estimated to be 0.404 with an increment of 0.002 points compared to the previous year. The coefficient has been estimated to be 0.394 for urban areas and 0.385 for rural areas.
Lorenz curve, the graphic display of inequality in distribution of income on population, has also showed with overlapped curves that there is not a significant change in income distribution compared to the previous year.
THE HIGHEST INCOME IN ISTANBUL
The average annual disposable income per household in Turkey is 24 thousand 343 Liras, whereas the average equivalent household disposable income is 10 thousand 774 Turkish Liras.
The Region of Istanbul has become the region with the highest average annual equivalent household disposable income, being 14 thousand 873 Liras. Aegean Region has followed this with an average income of 12 thousand 924 Liras. The region having the lowest average is Southeastern Anatolia Region, being 5 thousand 418 Turkish Liras.
Income of salary to fees has had the highest share within the total income with a rate of 44.8 percent. This has been followed by entrepreneur income of 21.4 percent and social transfers of 19.4 percent.
The retired and widow-orphan pays consisted of 92 percent of the social transfers. The share of retired and widow-orphan pays within the total income is 17.8 percent, whereas the share of other social transfers is 1.5 percent. 68.2 percent of the entrepreneur income belongs to the non-agricultural income.
16.1 PERCENT OF THE POPULATION IN POVERTY
Various relative poverty lines (according to 40 percent, 50 percent, 60 percent or 70 percent of the equivalent household disposable median income) are calculated by using equivalent household disposable income. According to the poverty line determined considering 50 percent of the equivalent household disposable median income, 16.1 percent of the population is at the risk of poverty. According to the poverty limits calculated for urban and rural areas, this rate is 13.9 percent in urban areas, whereas it is 15.7 percent in rural areas.
Unemployment decreases, the number of housewives increases
On the other hand, the unemployment data announced by Turkish Statistical Institute is making us say What they say and do are in contradiction. According to Turkish Statistical Institute data, the rate of unemployment and the number of unemployed ones continued to decrease also in June. Unemployment went down from 9.2 percent to 8 percent, decreasing 1.2 points. In this period, the number of unemployed has turned out to be 2 million 226 thousand people with a decrease of 311 thousand people. The rate of unemployment in June has shown a 0.2 point decrease and the number of unemployed has shown a decrease of 46 thousand people compared to the previous year.
In statistics, the the main point has been the labor force participation rate. In the period of June in 2012, the labor force participation rate throughout Turkey has occurred at a level of 50.8 percent with a 0.4 point decrease compared to the same period of the last year. The number of "housewives" not seen within the labor force has showed an increase of 284 thousand people in a year. The number of housewives in Turkey went up to 11 million 888 thousand people. As is known, Turkish Statistical Institute determines the unemployment rate without including those who do not look for a job, but are ready to work and those who are considered unemployed because of working seasonally, in the unemployment rate that includes those who have no hope to find a job. According to this calculation, TSI has declared the number of unemployed in the period of June as 2 million 226 thousand people. However, when those who do not look for a job, but are ready to work and those who are considered unemployed because of working seasonally are included in the unemployment rate that includes those who have no hope to find a job, the real number of unemployed people has been determined to be 4 million 46 thousands.
The roofs of our homes leaking
59.6 percent of the NON-INSTITUTIONAL population are living in their own houses, there are problems of leaking roof, damp walls, rotten window frames, etc. in the houses of 41.6 percent. The houses of 41.7 percent of the non-institutional population are having warming problems due to the isolation. 61.8 percent of houses have installment payments and debts (excluding the house purchase and expenses), these debt payments place a burden on the houses of 26.2 percent 86.5 percent cannot afford a holiday away from home for a week, 67.6 percent cannot afford their out-of-pocket requirements and 80.3 percent cannot afford the requirement of renewal of their time-worn furniture due to the economic reasons. ANKA
(birgun.net, 18th September 2012)